It takes its name from the City of Schengen in Luxembourg, where the agreement was signed in 1985. It came into force in 1995. There have been or have there been projects for Lithuania-Russia, Poland-Belarus, Bulgaria-Serbia and Bulgaria-Northern Macedonia on cross-border transport.  The agreement between Poland and Belarus was due to enter into force in 2012, but was delayed by Belarus without a transposition date (october 2012).  From 2000 and 2002, the United Kingdom and Ireland participated in certain aspects of the Schengen Agreement, such as the Schengen Information System (SIS). Since June 2017, ten urban transport agreements have come into force. However, from the end of 2022, visitors from countries with visa-free agreements with the EU (including the UK) will no longer be able to enter the Schengen area only with their passports. The European Commission has confirmed that British citizens must pay a fee to visit Europe and complete the ETIAS online application form before leaving. Permissions are issued for a validity period of one to five years and allow you to stay in the border area for up to three months. Permissions may only be granted to legitimate residents of the border area who have been in the border area for at least one year (or more if provided for in the bilateral agreement). Applicants must prove that they have legitimate reasons for frequently crossing a land border under the local border transportation system.
Schengen states must maintain a central register of authorisations issued and allow other Schengen states immediate access to relevant data. Convention: an international convention that, once ratified, will impose international law on any member country. Andorra`s ambassador to Spain, Jaume Gaytén, said he hoped the agreement would include provisions that would make states associated with the Schengen agreement.  Before entering into an agreement with a neighbouring country, the Schengen State must obtain the authorisation of the European Commission, which must certify that the draft agreement complies with the regulation.