The agreement was revised as part of the Johnson Department renegotiation in 2019. The amendments fit about 5% of the text. [22] The Northern Ireland Protocol, known as the Irish Backstop, was an annex to the November 2018 draft agreement outlining provisions to avoid a hard border in Ireland after the UK`s withdrawal from the European Union. The protocol provided for a provision of the safety net to deal with the circumstances in which satisfactory alternative arrangements were to come into force at the end of the transition period. This project has been replaced by a new protocol that will be described as follows. “It is absolutely astonishing that any government that says it wants to conclude trade deals around the world is content to tear up an agreement they reached with the European Union a few months ago,” Eastwood said at Westminster time on BBC Radio 4. The Brexit Withdrawal Agreement, officially titled the UK`s withdrawal agreement from Britain and Northern Ireland from the European Union and the European Atomic Energy Community. is a treaty signed on 24 January 2020 between the European Union (EU), Euratom and the United Kingdom (UK) [5] which sets the conditions for the UK`s withdrawal from the EU and Euratom. The text of the treaty was published on 17 October 2019[6] and is a renegotiated version of an agreement published six months earlier.

The previous version of the withdrawal agreement was rejected three times by the House of Commons, leading Queen Elizabeth II to accept Theresa May`s resignation as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom and appoint Boris Johnson as the new Prime Minister on 24 July 2019. On 15 November 2018, the day after the agreement and the support of the British government were presented, several members of the government resigned, including Dominic Raab, Secretary of State for leaving the European Union. [28] The withdrawal agreement also contains provisions for the United Kingdom to leave the Convention setting the status of European schools, the United Kingdom before the Convention and the accompanying regulations concerning accredited European schools until the end of the last academic year of the transition period, namely: