ii.India and Denmark signed an agreement for the development of cooperation in the energy sector In 2008, Israel and India also developed an agricultural plan for the introduction of Middle Eastern and Mediterranean crops to India, with a particular focus on olives. [176] Subsequently, about 112,000 olive trees were planted in the Rajasthan Desert. [177] [178] In 2014, more than 100 tons of olives were produced in Rajasthan. [179] Gabi Ashkenazi, Israel`s Minister of Foreign Affairs, and Sanjeev Singla, India`s Ambassador to Israel, signed the agreement at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Israel. “The cultural agreement with India is one of the agreements we have and will be followed by the signing of a water agreement by our ambassador to India. I am very happy to say that we are working on a joint film production with the famous Bollywood industry in India,” said Ashkenazi. In 2003, the two countries discussed doubling their investments in ongoing scientific and technical cooperation from October 2004 to $1 million each. [146] In 2005, India and Israel signed a Memorandum of Understanding to create a fund to encourage bilateral investment in industrial research and development and specific projects. The agreement stipulates that at least one Indian company and an Israeli company must cooperate on a project in order for the project to be eligible for the fund. From 2006 to 2014, the i4RD Fund was established on seven projects. [133] [147] [148] [149] In 2012, the two countries signed a five-year, $50 million scientific research agreement to promote collaborative research in a wide range of disciplines, including medical and information technologies, social and biological sciences, humanities and the arts. [150] [151] Israel`s geographical analysis suggests that the authors of the Old Testament spoke of India, where there was the trade in animals such as monkeys and peacocks. [12] According to Chaim Menachem Rabin, the link between ancient Israel and the Indian subcontinent was recorded in Kings 10.22 during the reign of King Solomon (10th century BC).

[13] The ancient trade and cultural communication between India and the Levant are documented in the periplus of the Erythric Sea and in the accounts around the Queen of Sheba in the Hebrew Bible. “Both sides are convinced that this cooperation will contribute to the development of their relations and to raising awareness, especially of young people, of the history and culture of the citizens of both countries, and agree to promote cooperation to improve and strengthen mutual understanding and friendship between the two countries,” the agreement says.